Wing Chun training is dominated by partner exercises that repeat and hone all imaginable movement patterns involved in fighting off attackers from different fighting styles, all the way to unorthodox street fighters who do not comply with any rules or follow any particular patterns at all.
Depending on the experience of the trainee, the speed, intensity, and complexity of these exercises will increase and lead all the way to sparring and free-fighting. The goal of these exercises is to instill impulse-reflexes in the beginner through initially slow and repetitive movement sequences that can eventually be recalled on a purely subconscious level during stressful self-defense encounters.
Superficially viewed, the techniques do not appear particularly complicated. Although the applications are fast and powerful, the trainee must stay relaxed and avoid relying purely on brute strength. That’s why it is far more difficult to master these movements and techniques than it initially appears. This is also where the “internal” aspects of this art come to the fore.
Wing Chunb training put considerable emphasis on so-called “Chi Sau” – a training regimen that focuses on using attack-impulses to transmit neural stimuli to a trainee’s body. These serve to create spontaneous, extremely fast, and explosive counter-movements in self-defense situations.